It is often a misconception that flowering plants are hard to care for and are equally frustrating to encourage blooming. There are, in fact, hundreds of indoor plants that are less fussy and have beautiful flowers.
In this article you will find out which houseplants bloom and are easy to care for, how frequent do the flowers bloom and if it grows back after every season, and what are the secrets to encourage flowering in your houseplants.
Taking care of flowering houseplants is not as hard as it may seem. Just like your regular houseplants, they would need basic care and a few specifics in order to thrive. If you are a beginner, you can try growing African Violets, Wax Begonias, Bromeliads, Chenille Plants, Christmas Cacti and more.
Indoor Flowers for Beginners and How to Care for Them
One thing is for sure. Plants that have colorful blooms are definitely more rewarding to care for. With the proper care, you will be able to add more character to your home and fill the space with color.
African Violet (Saintpaulia spp.)
The African violet is one of the most popular flowering house plants due to its ability to bloom all year round. It does not have a dormant phase and does not require a lot of maintenance. They come in hundreds of different varieties, and the blooms come in three different shades; purple, pink, and white.
Mix peat moss, vermiculite, and perlite in equal parts to make the perfect potting soil. This type of potting soil allows maximum drainage.
Watering African violets may be a little tricky. You would need to use lukewarm water that has been allowed to stand for at least 48 hours. Water directly onto the soil, and avoid getting the foliage wet by any means. Even a simple drop of water can cause spots on your plant’s leaves.
African violets prefer moist soil, but never let your plant stand in water. Doing so will cause root rot and other damages to the plant. Water your plants when the soil feels dry.
In order to make food, African violets need the right amount of light. They prefer bright indirect sunlight to thrive. Grow lights may also be used.
Turn your pots regularly to avoid disfiguration when flowers try to reach for the light. You can opt to place them 3 to 4 feet away from the window.
You can fertilize your plant with special African violet food that is has a higher amount of phosphorus compared to regular fertilizers. If there is an obvious reduction or lack of flowering, you can be certain that your plant needs more nutrition, and this would come from fertilizers.
When the flowers are wilting, you can remove them from the plant. This will encourage more flowers to bloom.
Wax Begonias (Begonia semperflorens)
There are actually dozens of begonia varieties in the market, but the wax begonia is quite a favorite due to the fact that is quite resilient in care and in adaptation. With the right amount of tender, love, and care you are sure to have this easy bloomer flourishing in no time.
Since they also grow well outdoors, wax begonias would prefer bright light if placed indoors. Keep them near windows to make sure they get at least 4 hours of indirect sunlight. In the event you do not have large windows, purchase grow lights that emit red beams to promote flowering.
Water thoroughly and allow the soil to dry up in between watering sessions. Do not let the water sit. It will encourage root rotting which would ultimately kill your plant. Choose airy and fast-draining soil. Avoid getting their leaves wet. This will promote powdery mildew.
They thrive in hot conditions. Keep them in a warm space and avoid cold drafts. They cannot tolerate cold temperatures. 60 degrees Fahrenheit would be the ideal temperature for them.
Use any liquid fertilizer high in phosphorus on a weekly basis. The solution must be diluted to only a quarter of its strength.
Bromeliad (Bromeliaceae spp.)
One of the easiest to care for that does not require any special fertilizers or tools. These plants have an exotic look to them which give your home a tropical feel. Their flowers have an interesting texture and bright colors that would surely pop among your other plants. It is long lasting, and very low maintenance. Definitely the qualities you would want to see in a houseplant.
All tropical plants that are adapted to indoor spaces would need bright light, and to some extent full sunlight, but not over prolonged periods of time. The bromeliad grows under the canopy of other plants surrounding its habitat which makes direct light limited. Meaning, they can survive in low-lit conditions but would need a certain amount of light to bring out the color and production of flowers.
Being an epiphyte, they do not require daily watering. Depending on the climate and temperature you can water your plants once a month or completely drain out the moisture from the pot before watering again. Be sure to flush out the water collected at the bottom of your pot since it can be home to bacteria that will get your plant sick. Tap water would contain chemicals and salts, which would be harmful to your plant. You may opt to use rainwater or distilled water to take care of your bromeliads.
The soil used for bromeliads must have excellent draining qualities and rich in organic matter. You may use peat moss or coco coir in your potting soil.
Repotting should be done every 5 years or so. These plants have a relatively short root system which is why you shouldn’t worry as much with repotting. Avoid repotting them during cold seasons. Their roots are resting during this time. Opt to do repotting in spring when the plant is actively growing.
Bromeliads are not fussy and would not require fertilizers, but if you feel like you may need to fertilizer, you can opt to use an all-purpose orchid fertilizer that is diluted to half of its strength.
These plants are very resilient to temperature, so there is no worry about humidity and heat. During winter, you can simply move your plants away from cold drafts to avoid indirect contact with cold air. You may also mist their leaves or use a pebble tray during this time to promote humidity, especially during cold and dry seasons.
Chenille Plant (Acalypha hispida)
This plant is named after the French word for caterpillar because of its long hairy blooms, almost resembling a hairy caterpillar. Their fuzzy red flowers truly have a character of its own. They start as plump balls of fluff before growing downright up to 18 inches in length.
Being air type of plants, they would thrive best in a hanging basket or even a window box. They grow well in bright spaces but thrive best in full sunlight. They can easily adapt to indoor and outdoor conditions.
Their soil choices are quite vast. They would grow well in sand, clay, or even loam. As long as the pH values of your soil are between 5.0 and 7.5, your plants should be fine.
Being of tropical origins, these plants do not mind warm temperatures and high humidity, in fact, being able to replicate its natural habitat would be a plus. It will promote more flower production as well as foliage growth.
Keep your plants moist but in moderate amounts. There is no need to change the watering schedule even as seasons change, as long as your soil is nice and moist your plants should do well.
In order to promote flowering, you would need to
regularly fertilizer your plant. Use a flowering fertilizer every week at half
strength. If the leaves start to yellow, add manure to your soil mixture in
addition to the weekly fertilizer supplement you are already using.
Christmas Cactus (Schlumbergera spp.)
Although the name says it is a cactus, this plant is closer to being a succulent. It hails from tropical conditions and is quite fussy to take care of. They grow with a very strict regimen and only bloom during the holidays. Even if they can be quite a handful to care for, following the regimen would be easy even for beginners.
Contrary to other flowering plants, if you want your Christmas cactus to bloom, it would need extended periods of darkness. Place your plant in a dark room or keep it covered for at least 12 hours a day. You should start this process by September if you want to get your blooms in by December. Once you notice buds forming, you can stop following the 12-hour schedule, but still, keep them away from direct sunlight.
They prefer sandy soil over clay or loamy textured soiled that can be quite moist. Choose to water the plants when the soil is completely dry, as they do not prefer to be in very moist conditions.
They thrive in humidity, which would mean having a water pebble tray can be quite handy when growing a Christmas cactus.
Maintain the temperatures between 55 degrees to 70 degrees fahrenheit.
As mentioned earlier, the Christmas cactus follows a very strict schedule. If your end-goal is have to flowering annually, here is what you need to follow:
Once the blooms have just wilted from the previous season, fertilize your plant with cactus or succulent supplements.
If you do have an outdoor space, you may choose to move them there for the time being. If not, keep them by the window and maintain watering and fertilizers during this time.
Move the plant away from cold drafts and bright light. It is also important to keep your soil dry during this period. This is the time when you would want to start your budding regimen.
Keep your soil moist, and have your plant get at least 4 to 6 hours of indirect sunlight. Keep a water pebble tray nearby to avoid letting the air get too dry.
Kaffir Lily (Clivia miniata)
Native to South Africa and Swaziland, these plants are quite resilient to heat and dry conditions. It is known as a summer flower that thrives in indoor gardens as well as greenhouses. They often bloom during the summer, but there have been some varieties that bloom during winter or early in the spring. These plants are slow-growing, and it would take at least 2 to 3 years for you to actually see any flowers if you have chosen to have this plant for your garden. The flowers bloom in a bunch of 10 to 20 flowers, and they come in a variety of colors.
Naturally thriving in extreme weather conditions, the Kaffir lily can grow in outdoor and indoor spaces. While indoors, keep them in a bright space with at least 4 to 6 hours of direct sunlight. Placing them near the window would be excellent for them.
Being part of its resilient nature, the Kaffir can withstand hot temperatures as well as the cold. During the winter, when the plant is at rest, it can survive 40 degrees to 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
Watering schedule highly depends on the season. During the summer, you would need to water your plant more to keep the soil moist. In winter, you need to allow the soil to completely dry out in between waterings. By the start of spring, you can start watering your plant more frequently to awaken it from its dormant phase.
Humidity is not a big concern with the Kaffir lily, but if you feel that the indoor space is quite dry, you can gently wipe the leaves of your plant with a moist cloth or sponge.
With it’s thick and large roots, the Kaffir lily would need to be topped off every now and then since the roots do have the tendency to break the surface. Use regular potting soil with good drainage like peat moss.
Flaming Katy (Kalanchoe blossfeldiana)
This plant is part of the succulent family. It blooms with small tubular flowers within one flower head. There are about 50 mini-flowers on each stalk that usually bloom in a variety of colors. These plants are pretty easy to care for, and would even thrive in spite of neglect. They are toxic to animals, so if you have house pets, you may want to steer clear of this plant.
The Flaming Katy thrives in room temperature but would die in frost. As much as possible keep them within 65 degrees Fahrenheit and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Anything lower than 50 degrees Fahrenheit can be lethal to your plant.
They are very resilient to lighting conditions. They can grow in bright light or even under full sunlight. During the dormant season, they would need more rest. It is ideal to have up to 14 hours of dark hours for your plant to encourage future blooming.
As a succulent, they store a lot of moisture in their leaves. There is no immediate need to keep the soil damp. Completely dry out the soil in between watering to keep your plant in a good condition.
Choosing to have soil that drains well is of utmost importance. This way you are able to completely dry out the soil when the plants are indoors. If placed outdoors, any type of soil would work since the sun will help with the draining.
Fertilizer may be given during springtime up until the
end of summer. Any standard liquid fertilizer will do for your Flaming Katy.
Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum)
Commonly found in the shady, cool and damp areas of the forest, these tropical evergreens are quite fond of moisture. By being able to copy the environment they have in nature, you can be sure that they will do better at home. They need low-lit spaces, ample amount of nutrition to bloom in the summer and all throughout the seasons. The Peace Lily can grow up to 16 inches in height indoors, and even taller when outdoors. They are versatile and can adapt to any environment.
Keep your soil moist but do not overwater your Peace Lily. They can tolerate dry soil for short periods but in the event of long neglect. Their leaves will start to brown.
These plants are quite sensitive to chemicals in tap water. It is best to use rainwater or distilled water in room temperature for these plants.
These plants enjoy bright spaces but do not place them under direct sunlight. Keep them by the window or let them out for a bit of morning sun would do wonders for their growth.
Flowering is encouraged by light. If your home is not well-lit, purchasing red glow lights would be great to promote blooming for your peace lily.
Do the Flowers Grow Back Every Year?
One thing most people would want to know is how often flowering plants bloom. With these types of plants, there are three major classifications we use to describe their life cycle and in turn explain their flowering pattern.
Plants under this category bloom once every year. They germinate, produce seeds, bloom and die within one year. These plants are meant for short term care and would only last for that specific time based on its life cycle.
Perennial flowering plants are the ones that take a bit more time to grow and would require more than a year to blossom. They usually bloom during the spring, and a portion of the plant wilts in the winter. Ideally, they start to bloom a year or two after maturity. Perennial plants are the easiest to care for and have a larger variety to choose from. These are the type of plants you need to buy if you are looking for a long-term garden to care for.
Biennial plants are those that take at least two years to completely go through their life cycle. From seedlings, they will die after two seasons. You would just need to re-plant the seeds they leave by the time they wilt.
The secret to keeping your indoor garden beautiful and in full bloom is by knowing the life cycle of your plant, and what plant would best fit your home. Providing them with the ideal conditions they need to thrive, with a little extra tender love and care is the secret to encouraging your plants to bloom. With our care tips and your effort, you are sure to have happy plants in your home.