Having flowers in your indoor garden can promote healing and allow you to de-stress.
It would not be a surprise if you were a rookie gardener looking for a fast-growing flowering houseplant.
There are dozens of choices in the market and in this article, we will list down the fastest growing flowering houseplants, teach you how to make flowers bloom faster, and how to care for them effectively.
Choosing fast growing indoor flowers is as easy as picking out the best houseplant. These plants are a great addition to your garden and are quite easy to care for. Here are few you can ask your local nursery for; Shrimp Plant, Flowering Maple, Kaffir Lily, Lipstick Plant, Zebra Plant, and more.
Fast Growing Flowering Houseplants
If you are starting your garden and you are keen on adding a bit of color to your batch of plants, choosing a flowering houseplant would definitely be your best bet. One thing with most flowering houseplants is that they may take time to grow. But here are a few that are fast growing given that they are in optimal growing conditions.
Shrimp Plant (Justicia brandegeeana)
The name of the plant comes from its unusually shaped flowers that resemble the color of shrimps. In their natural habitat, the deserts of Mexico, these plants can grow up to 6 feet in height but have brittle leaves. Indoors, gardeners would often prune them to keep it in a more manageable height and prevent it from snapping.
The care for this plant is not as complicated. All you need is the basics; water and sun. It’s not as fussy as the other flowering plants and would be fine for short periods of neglect.
Flowering Maple (Abutilon spp.)
Contrary to its name, the flowering maple is not related to the maple tree at all. It is closely related to the okra and hibiscus plant. The name comes from the similarity of leaves, the flowering maple and an actual maple tree have the same leaf shape.
Flowering maples love the sunlight, and in fact they can stay out in full sun. If kept indoors, be sure to place it in an area that is bright and has enough indirect light. Keep the soil moist but be careful not to get it overly wet. Sitting in water will cause root rot, and eventually kill your plant in the process.
Kaffir Lily (Clivia miniata)
The brightly blooming flowers of the Kaffir Lily is often seen during summer and has been known as a summer flower in outdoor gardens. If you choose to keep them indoors, you can encourage blooms during late winter and springtime in optimal conditions. The blooms of this plant come out in clusters of 10 to 12 flowers sitting on a thick stem. They are usually orange in color with yellow centers. There are also rare varieties like pure yellow or white colored ones.
Although they thrive in warm temperatures, direct sunlight is not good for Kaffir Lilies. Keep their soil moist by watering it sparingly, avoid letting it dry out completely. In the event it gets too dry indoors, use a pebble tray to give the plant some humidity.
Lipstick Plant (Aeschynanthus spp.)
These exotic looking plants are quite easy to care for. With the right amount of light, enough water, and breathable soil you will be rewarded with continual blooms. They grow best in hanging baskets, being an epiphyte, you can also grow them on driftwood. Just be sure keep them moist but not overly watered. The Lipstick Plant is very prone to root rot and too much watering will cause them to die or have fungal growths.
Coming from a tropical climate, these plants absolutely love humidity. You can mist their leaves once in a while during cold seasons when the air is dry, or use a water pebble tray.
Zebra Plant (Aphelandra squarrosa)
Native to the tropical rainforests of Brazil, these plants produce beautiful flowers and have large and glossy foliage. The plant flowers in summer to autumn seasons and stands at 8 inches in height. The flower bract can last for up to 6 weeks. Being native to a rainforest, the number one problem most people have with this plant is providing it with the warmth and moisture it needs to thrive. They are not really great with cold conditions, but with the right tools you can help it through the winter.
These plants depend on water and moisture, an ounce of neglect could be the end of your plant. They don’t do well with dry spells, so avoid drying out the soil completely. Water regularly with lukewarm water, and mist the leaves during its active phase. With the proper care and close attention to detail, you can get these beautiful plants to bloom for you every year.
Orchid (Ochidaceae spp.)
One of the most popular indoor flowering plant is the orchid, there are over 30,000 species of orchid worldwide. Most of the time, people would gift these lovely flowers in plastic pots that can easily be bought in your local flower shop. These pots are not ideal for long-term growth. In their natural habitat, orchids grow on other trees like the true epiphyte that it is. If you do received an orchid as a gift, do not re-pot it yet, this would cause grave stress on your plant and make it’s bloom drop.
Orchids need very little water since their roots are quite susceptible to root rot and fungal disease, so regardless of what the tag says, do not over water your orchid. Keep them away from extreme weather conditions. They are not very good with extreme changes.
Once your orchid’s flower has fallen, this is when you need to start thinking about long-term care and re-pot your plants to encourage future blooms.
China Rose (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)
There are hundreds of species under this genus but only the China Rose is adaptable to indoor conditions. These plants are commonly found in the tropics, by mimicking the conditions it is native to. There hundreds of hybrids of this plant, including ones producing flowers in faded gradients. It is a short shrub that can bear multiple flowers during blooming seasons.
Grown indoors, you would need to give your plant extra
attention, and this means finding the best spot for it to soak in light,
carefully monitored watering, as well as plant supplements to enhance its
growth. In the event you have insufficient lighting in your home, it is best to
purchase artificial grow light. It is essential that they have at least 4 to 6
hours access to light in order to produce their food and grow.
Surprisingly, these plants are quite resilient to temperature changes. They are able to withstand temperatures as low as 28 degrees Fahrenheit and as high as 90 degrees Fahrenheit, but do not expect it to blossom under these extreme conditions. For flowering, you need to keep them in ideal temperatures in humid conditions.
Laceleaf (Anthurium andraeanum)
Most cooler regions would have laceleaf plants growing in abundance. With the proper care you can definitely get regular blooms from your plant. These plants can tolerate all levels of indirect light, but those in dark spaces might not grow as fast and might not produce any flowers at all. It is important that the proper lighting is provided if your goal is to maximize its bloom potential.
Regular watering is needed but never allow your plant to sit in stagnant water for too long, aside from root rot, this environment is susceptible to all sorts of plant diseases that we would want to avoid. Drying out the soil in between watering is good for your plant.
African Violet (Saintpaulia spp.)
One of the most loved flowering houseplants since the 30s, the African Violet is quite easy to care for and you can expect consistent blossoms from them throughout the year. There are dozens of hybrids of this plant. And thanks to the innovations in plant genetics, we can enjoy the lovely flowers in a various colors.
Native to Africa, they prefer warm conditions with a lot light. It is ideal to keep them in a bright space with at least 4 hours of indirect light. Never place them under full sun, this will burn their leaves. Purchasing grow lights, may be necessary if your home does not have a brightly-lit area.
Over time, the roots of your plant would grow and it is absolutely essential for you to re-pot your plants into a bigger pot. Keeping them in a small space would discourage blooming.
Chenille Plant (Acalypha hispida)
Known for its unique hairy caterpillar-like blooms that are bright red in color. To keep these plants healthy and happy, you would need to make an active effort in pruning its leaves and providing it with the basics. This charming plant will definitely win a lot of hearts with its fuzzy blooms and adorable characteristics.
True to is tropical nature, the chenille prefers humid and warm conditions. It is best grown outdoors, but have adapted to indoor conditions as well. They are able to thrive in full sun and would require bright spaces indoors. They grow up to 15 feet in height if kept outside, but can be pruned to stay within 3 feet in an indoor setting.
These plants are prone to pests and other parasites, it is important to keep a close watch especially when you have other plants in your garden. By misting your chenille plant regularly, the environment becomes inhospitable to the pests and they will eventually leave your plant alone.
How to Make Flowers Bloom Faster
In order to keep your plants blooming, and having their flowers last longer you would need to put in a little more effort compared to regular houseplants. Here are few tips you can follow to have your plants producing flowers in no time:
Light, and lots of it.
As we know, photosynthesis promotes growth as well as flowering. With the right amount of light, you are providing your plant with enough energy for it to keep on producing food that would help keep them alive and produce more flowers.
In situations where the space is not conducive for plant growth, you’d be happy to know that there are artificial sources that can help with your indoor gardening. Growth lights come in a variety of types and uses, one of the newest technologies would be the use of LED growth lights that emit a specific color only.
Ideally, to promote floral growth you would only need red light and this is easily attainable by the use of red LED growth lights.
Fertilizers and other supplements.
Like people, plants would also need nourishment to keep healthy. In order to induce blossoming, you may add fertilizers that would help in the process. There are tons of fertilizers to choose from, it is important that you use the right fertilizer for your plant and make sure that you only administer a diluted amount. Chemicals that are too strong would not be advisable. Usually, seasoned gardeners would dilute the solution to reach at least a quarter of its strength.
It is also important for you to know the ratio of natural elements your plant needs. Ideally, all plants would require Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium, the question is how much is too much and how can I adjust this accordingly? The answer is simple; the soil. With enough organic matter, you are sure to achieve optimal NPK levels.
Get to know your plant better.
Each plant would have a different set of care tips. Before purchasing your plant, it would be helpful to know more about it through detailed research. If you have received a plant as gift, know how to care for it as well will be great in the long run.
Essentially, most flowering plants would need the same thing: basic care and a few little specifics in terms of humidity and temperature. Then there are plants that are bit fussier and would require more effort. Take for example the Christmas cactus and poinsettia, these plants specifically bloom during the holidays and in order for you to achieve that, you would need to prepare them months before December. These plants would require an extended amount of darkness by the September if you want to get them ready for the holidays, approximately 12 to 14 hours of darkness is required in order for them to rest.
By following these tips, and choosing the right plant you can definitely be sure to enjoy blossoms all year round.
What Natural Fertilizers Can I Use for My Plant?
As we mentioned, most flowering plants may require fertilizers but not too many of us are keen on keeping dangerous chemicals in our home especially when you have small children and pets running around. Choosing natural fertilizers can also save you a lot of money, since chemical-based ones can be quite expensive.
In order to for you to create your homemade fertilizers you would need to have a few of these ingredients that are rich in plant nutrients:
- Aquarium Water
- Wood Ash
- Coffee Grounds
- Egg Shells
- Epsom Salts
- Green Tea
- Worm Castings
All these items would have a certain amount of the vital elements plants need to thrive: Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium. Knowing which element is important to your plant’s growth can make a difference in how you grow your plants.
It is also important to keep in mind that these natural fertilizers must be used in moderation. Too much may cause fungal, parasitic, bacterial, and even viral diseases that could destroy your entire garden.
What Kind of Grow Lights Would I Need to Promote Flowering?
In this day and age, we have dozens of grow lights in the market. Due to low heat production and less energy consumption, LED lights have been quite popular. There are certain factors that you must take into consideration when growing flowering plants with the use of artificial grow lights:
Choosing the right color.
Natural sunlight holds the complete spectrum of colors. Indoor plants that are exposed to a full-spectrum bulb would be ideal. This means that they are able to acquire the same amount of light the sun provides but in less harsh conditions.
Each color has a specific job, and for flowering plants you would need red lights. This color promotes fruit production and blooming. Plants that is exposed to redder would be able to produce more flowers than those exposed to a full spectrum.
Depending on the type of flowering plant you buy; the intensity of the light will definitely play a huge factor in its growth. When we talk about intensity, we are pertaining to the brightness produced by the light. Some plants like African violets and waxy begonias would prefer the light source to be at least 10 inches away, which is just the right amount. Ideally most flowering plants such as orchids and gardenias would prefer a higher light intensity in order to produce more flowers and fruits.
Duration of light needed.
Like people, plants would also need to rest. The ideal amount of light provided to a plant to keep it healthy and happy is between 4 to 6 hours. During the time your plant is exposed to light, it knows it is supposed to create food. Having them exposed to too much light can be stressful for them. With artificial lights, you would need to set a timer or turn them off manually over a period of time to allow your plants to sleep.
At the end of the day, we know the only way we can grow flowers abundantly from our plants is through accurate research and proper care.
Knowing which plants consistently blossom throughout the year, and being knowledgeable with the proper way to care for them can truly help with your indoor garden.